Consortium Receives $1.28M for Coastal and Ocean Research
The National Sea Grant College Program awarded $1.28 million to the S.C. Sea Grant Consortium to support the first year of its research, extension, communications, and education efforts for 2012-2014. Ten peer-reviewed research projects were selected to address critical issues related to coastal and ocean resource use, management, and conservation.
Hazard Resilience in Coastal Communities
- Observational and Modeling Studies to Benefit the Management and Selection of Borrow Sites for Beach Nourishment in South Carolina. Kehui Xu and Ansley Wren, Coastal Carolina University. This study aims to predict infill rates of borrow pits used for South Carolina beach nourishment projects based on expected borrow-area placement and design.
Sustainable Coastal Development and Economy
- Green Infrastructure Design for Stormwater Management in Coastal South Carolina: An Assessment of Eco-Hydrological Function. Anand Jayakaran, Clemson University. Researchers will study the degree to which rain gardens and other vegetative practices can reduce stormwater volume and improve water quality in landscapes where shallow water tables and interactions between surface and groundwater are prevalent.
- Assessing Aeration as a Means of Improving Stormwater Pond Performance and Reduced Organic Loading to the Coastal Zone. Erik Smith, Belle W. Baruch Institute for Marine and Coastal Sciences, University of South Carolina. This study focuses on the use of aerating fountains in stormwater ponds as an alternative to chemical treatment in limiting phytoplankton growth and associated production of biological oxygen demand.
- Understanding Demand for Value-Added Products and Services Associated with For-Hire Boat Trips on the South Carolina Coast. Robert Brookover and Laura Jodice, Clemson University. Researchers will explore the potential for charter-boat operators to expand their knowledge and customer base to include tours that address marine ecology, fisheries management, history and culture, and offshore energy development.
- Examining Capacity for a Cooperative Seafood Tourism Trail as a Value-Added Marine Resource-Based Recreation and Tourism Product on the South Carolina Coast. Robert Brookover, Clemson University. Researchers will address the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and problems associated with a potential formation of a seafood-related tourism trail on the South Carolina coast.
- Coastal Livelihoods and the Local Sense of Place: Assessing Social-Ecological Relationships and Environmental Values in the Face of Demographic Changes in Mount Pleasant, Awendaw, and McClellanville, South Carolina. Annette Watson, College of Charleston. This study will develop common indicators that community leaders can use to track changes in coastal livelihoods and local sense of place in rural areas and recently suburbanized places experiencing rapid development.
Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture
- Development of a Novel Genetic Approach to Rapidly Detect and Quantify Fish Eggs of Economically Important Species: A New Tool for Fisheries Management. Dianne Greenfield, Belle W. Baruch Institute for Marine and Coastal Sciences, University of South Carolina.This study aims to develop a rapid, cost-efficient, and novel molecular tool that will facilitate fish egg identification and quantification using the economically important species red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) as the target organism.
- Managing Reproductive Behavior in Fisheries and on Fish Farms: A Joint N.C./S.C. Sea Grant Project. Robert Chapman, S.C. Department of Natural Resources.Researchers will look for patterns of ovarian gene expression associated with high and low egg quality in striped bass, examining specific physiological functions that are impaired and point the way toward changes in husbandry practices that can optimize egg quality.
- Development of a Sustainable, Minimal-Water Exchange, Polyculture Biofloc-Based, Mariculture Production System. John Leffler, S.C. Department of Natural Resources. This study could help facilitate the development of mariculture products (shrimp, oysters, and fish) to be grown year-round in stable systems with low environmental impacts and on inland sites adjacent to profitable markets that value fresh, year-round seafood.
The Coastal and Ocean Landscape
- Consequences of Altered Temperature Regimes on the Reproduction, Survival, Growth, and Interactions of Two Key Estuarine Fauna. Juliana Harding, Coastal Carolina University. Researchers will study three decades of historical measurements and data from new field experiments to learn how patterns, directions, rates, and mechanisms of change in oyster and goby populations occur as estuarine water temperature rises.