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Coastal Heritage Curriculum Connection

Explore Curriculum Connection guides, which are written to accompany each issue of Coastal Heritage, a quarterly publication of the S.C. Sea Grant Consortium.

Coastal Heritage, Winter 2012 issue: Calm After the Storm? Disasters and Mental Health

Focus Questions

  • How did Hurricane Hugo impact the coastal area? Specifically, what were the impacts to the McClellanville area?
  • What are some of the signs that someone might be suffering from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)? What are some of the reasons a person might develop PTSD? What are two other types of disorders might develop from traumatic events?
  • What are some of the ways in which the impact of a traumatic experience can be lessened?

Use the Curriculum Connection to address these South Carolina Standards

4th Grade: Weather
4-4.3: Summarize the conditions and effects of severe weather phenomena (including thunderstorms, hurricanes, and tornadoes) and related safety concerns.

5th Grade: Ecosystems: Terrestrial and Aquatic
5-2.3: Compare the characteristics of different ecosystems (including estuaries/salt marshes, oceans, lakes and ponds, forests, and grasslands).


6th Grade: Earth’s Atmosphere and Weather
6-4.1: Summarize the relationship of the movement of air masses, high and low pressure systems, and frontal boundaries to storms (including thunderstorms, hurricanes, and tornadoes) and other weather conditions.

8th Grade: Earth’s Structure and Processes
8-3.9: Identify and illustrate geologic features of South Carolina and other regions of the world through the use of imagery (including aerial photography and satellite imagery) and topographic maps.

9th – 12th: Earth’s Atmosphere
ES-4.8: Predict weather conditions and storms (including thunderstorms, hurricanes, and tornados) on the basis of the relationship among the movement of air masses, high and low pressure systems, and frontal boundaries.

ES-4.6: Summarize possible causes of and evidence for past and present global climate changes.

ES-4.7: Summarize the evidence for the likely impact of human activities on the atmosphere (including ozone holes, greenhouse gases, acid rain, and photochemical smog).

Local Climate and Weather Resources

South Carolina State Climatology Office
www.dnr.sc.gov/climate/sco . (K-12)

Coastal Elevation
Check out your coastal elevation by visiting the NOAA Digital Coast site at: www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast . Which areas of South Carolina have natural buffers of protection (ie., wetlands and barrier islands)? What areas might be more prone to heavy damage during another hurricane?  (6th – 12th)

The South East Coastal Ocean Observing Regional Association (SECOORA)
secoora.org is a regional resource for integrating coastal and ocean data. Check out the information found on this site, especially the “Marine and Weather Applications” under the category “Data and Maps” on the home page. (9th – 12th)

NASA and NOAA’s Hurricane Information Sites

NOAA National Hurricane Center
www.nhc.noaa.gov . View real-time and past data on hurricane formation and pathways. You can also download blank hurricane tracking charts for this upcoming hurricane season. (4th – 12th)

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research Windows to the Universe
www.windows.ucar.edu/cgi-bin/tour_def/teacher_resources/hurricane_climate/teach_hurricane_climate.html . This activity shows how climate and hurricanes are linked. (6th-9th)

NASA’s Hurricanes and Tropical Cyclones
This page provides an educator’s page for activities related to hurricanes. This site also provides real-time satellite data on sea-surface temperatures, which is often correlated with the intensity and frequency of storms. Check out the educator site at www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hurricanes/features/hurricane_educ_links.html and the general NASA Hurricane and Tropical Cyclone Site at www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hurricanes/main/index.html . (4th – 12th)

Additional Activities

Check on the South Carolina State Climatology Office site www.dnr.sc.gov/climate/sco and describe the difference between the category levels of hurricanes. What is the difference between a hurricane watch and a hurricane warning? (6th – 12th)

Look through the history of those hurricanes that made landfall near or directly on South Carolina. How many category 4 storms have there been? How many category 5 storms? (6th – 12th)

Check out the activity, “Surge of the Storm”, located on the SECOORA website: secoora.org/classroom/virtual_hurricane/surge_of_the_storm . How might you prepare for safety in the event of a strong hurricane? (4th – 12th)