The Saluda River Basin covers 2,519 square miles and contains 21 watersheds with geographic regions that extend from the Blue Ridge (mountain) to the Piedmont. The Saluda River Basin encompasses 1,612,395 acres of which 8.4% is urban land, 16.2% is agricultural land, 3.4% is scrub/shrub land, 0.5% is barren land, 67.4% is forested land, and 0.2% is forested wetland, and 3.9% is water (SCLRCC 1990). The urban land is comprised of the Cities of Greenville and Columbia, and to a lesser extent the Cities of Laurens and Newberry. There are a total of 2,416.2 stream miles in the Saluda River basin. The Saluda River is formed from the confluence of the South Saluda River and the North Saluda River and flows past the City of Greenville. Further downstream, the Reedy River and Rabon Creek drain into the Saluda River to form the headwaters of Lake Greenwood. The Saluda River then flows through Lake Greenwood and together with the Little Saluda River and the Bush River forms the headwaters of Lake Murray. The Saluda River emerges from the Lake Murray dam and joins the Broad River at the City of Columbia to form the Congaree River.*
*Information adapted from the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (S.C. DHEC) website.