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Fall 2012 – News and Notes
 
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Emancipation Day: The Freed People of Port Royal
VOLUME 27, NUMBER 1, FALL 2012              

Emancipation Day: The Freed People of Port Royal
By John H. Tibbetts                                                                       back to main story  


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Helping coastal ­communities prepare for climate change

How can coastal communities of South Carolina adapt to climate change, especially when projected levels of change in temperature, precipitation, and sea level in the region are so broad? The S.C. Sea Grant Consortium has received three grants totaling over $190,000 that will help coastal communities answer that question over the next two years.     

For a grant competitively awarded by the National Sea Grant Office’s Community Climate Change Adaptation Initiative program, Jessica Whitehead, regional climate extension specialist, will lead partners from the Beaufort County Planning Depart­ment, the Social and Environmental Research Institute (SERI), and North Carolina Sea Grant to help Beaufort County prepare for a range of potential climate conditions.  April Turner, coastal community specialist, will assist Whitehead with conducting background interviews and organizing public workshops and focus group meetings.

The partners will develop a plan to ensure that the county’s zoning—including new form-based codes—and subsequent development will be more resilient to sea-level rise, more variable rainfall, and temperature extremes. 

SERI will lead another grant from the National Oceanic and Atmos­pheric Administration’s Coastal and Ocean Climate Applications program to investigate the risks a changing climate may pose to working waterfronts in Beaufort County.

In addition, with a grant from the National Sea Grant Office, S.C. Sea Grant extension staff will synthesize the results of the working-waterfronts investigation into workshops that include the role of climate variability and change among other threats to thriving working waterfronts. 

To assist with these projects, the Consortium is hiring two College of Charleston graduate students who will work on implementing the grants.  

For more information, contact Jessica Whitehead at (843) 953-2090 or Jessica.Whitehead@scseagrant.org. Additional programs are detailed on the Coastal Climate website at www.scseagrant.org/Content/?cid=251.


LID manual for coastal South Carolina to be developed

For years, scientists, regulators, innovative developers, engineers, and others have been calling on localities to encourage more eco-friendly development practices that can capture greater volumes of stormwater runoff and filter more contaminants than conventional practices do.

Conventional urban development tends to increase a site’s impervious surfaces—such as roads, parking lots, and buildings—and store stormwater runoff in ponds or other holding areas until it can be piped back into waterways.

These conventional practices can pollute waterways, place infrastructure at risk from flooding, and deplete natural storage areas of freshwater for private wells and municipal supplies.

By contrast, low-impact development (LID) practices mimic the natural hydrology and filtering capacities of pre-development sites. LID practices include rain gardens and bioswales that absorb stormwater flows and allow vegetation, soils, and microbes to filter pollutants, which reduce contamination of waterways.

To advance the use of LID practices in South Carolina, the S.C. Sea Grant Consortium has established partnerships with the ACE Basin and North Inlet–Winyah Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve (NERR) Coastal Training Programs and the Center for Watershed Protection based in Maryland.

This partnership is receiving $329,943 from the NERR’s Science Collaborative over two years to develop an interdisciplinary, user-defined manual for LID practices, thereby removing a barrier to implementation on the community level, neighborhood scale, and site scale.

First, the grant will support a series of collaborative focus group meetings with applied-science researchers and engineers, planners and landscape architects, climate researchers, and others.

The grant will also support technical trainings for decision makers who face challenges of protecting water quality and habitats in a time of ­intense development pressure and climate change, which can cause more intense storms and rainfall.

Although decision makers might be aware of the benefits of using LID techniques, they often lack expertise, guidance, and resources to implement them.

Therefore, technical trainers will work with decision makers to create tools and resources that can help communities implement LID practices and reduce the impact of development on natural resources.

The LID guidance document will be vetted by end-users and debuted through end-user workshops. In the process of developing the manual, the team will create the following resources and tools to support LID implementation in coastal South Carolina:
  • Modeling to support the integration of landscape and climate variables to guide research and using Best Management Practices in the design;
  • A comprehensive, digital spreadsheet that will enable intended users to model how BMPs could impact stormwater runoff and to select techniques appropriate to their site;
  • Support for updated urban planning and development regulations that will encourage the implementation of LID;
  • The integration of climate change predictions into BMP design and guidance;
  • Training on use of the manual for coastal communities.
S.C. Sea Grant Extension Program staff including April Turner, coastal community specialist, and Jessica Whitehead, regional climate extension specialist, are part of the project’s investigator team.

For more information, contact Leigh Wood, Coastal Training Program coordinator with the North Inlet–Winyah Bay NERR, at (843) 904-9034 or Leigh.Wood@belle.baruch.sc.edu.


24th annual Beach Sweep/River Sweep a success






Last updated: 1/4/2013 9:09:56 AM
Fall 2012 – News and Notes

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