Explore Curriculum Connection guides, which are written to accompany each issue of Coastal Heritage,
a quarterly publication of the S.C. Sea Grant Consortium.
Coastal Heritage, Summer 2006 issue: African Roots, Carolina Gold.
Focus Questions: Why is rice so popular in South Carolina? Is it as popular in other places? If so, where?
Use the Curriculum Connection to address these SC Curriculum Standards:
– Classify plants according to their characteristics (including what
specific type of environment they live in, whether they have edible
parts, and what particular kinds of physical traits they have).
Science – Summarize the life cycle of plants (including germination, growth, and the production of flowers and seeds).
– Summarize the introduction and establishment of slavery in the
American colonies, including the role of the slave trade; the nature of
the Middle Passage; and the types of goods—rice, indigo, sugar,
tobacco, and rum, for example—that were exchanged among the West
Indies, Europe, and the Americas.
Social Studies – Explain the impact of indentured servitude and slavery on life in the
New World and the contributions of African slaves to the development of
the American colonies, including farming techniques, cooking styles,
Science – Explain the influence of global winds and the jet stream on weather and climatic conditions.
Social Studies – Explain how South Carolinians used natural, human, and political
resources to gain economic prosperity, including trade with Barbados,
rice planting, Eliza Lucas Pinckney and indigo planting, the slave
trade, and the practice of mercantilism.
Science – Summarize the overall process by which photosynthesis converts solar
energy into chemical energy and interpret the chemical equation for the
- Elementary Lesson Ideas:
1. Making Observations: Build rice planters and grow rice at your school to connect science instruction with an important historical context to SC. Visit http://www.kidsregen.org/howTo.php?section=inGarden&ID=4 to access details about the growing cycles of rice and the plant’s parts. Make observations about the growing cycles of the plant and see how many parts you can identify.
Additional information is available at http://www.riceromp.com/teachers/lessonContent.cfm?pId=216.
2. Collecting and Organizing Data: Develop a map showing the African countries and American states where rice has been grown from the 1500’s to the present. Construct a timeline identifying rice production, distribution, and consumption.
Middle and High School Grades Lesson Ideas:
3. Designing Experiments
A. Predicting Outcomes and Manipulating Variables:
Follow Lesson Link #1 and brainstorm biotic and abiotic factors that
may affect the plant’s growth. Develop questions about if and how your
plant will be affected by changing variables then make predictions.
Design an experiment to test your predictions…be sure to include a
control in your experimentation. Consider testing how changing the
amount of sunlight, fresh and salt water, nutrients, etc. the plant
receives affects the plants growth and health.
B. Make Conclusions:
Discuss your findings with the class. How do your findings compare to
real examples in South Carolina? What happens to rice fields in times
of drought, floods, and hurricanes? Why does rice need sunlight?
4. Evaluate the Evidence: Cost-Benefit Analysis:
What are the benefits of maintaining the rice fields in the
Lowcountry? What are the costs? Divide your class into two groups.
Assign one group to research and present the pro’s of maintaining the
impoundments and assign the other side to the con’s of continuing to
produce rice in the state’s rice fields. Engage your students in a
Research the Topics
Answers to Frequently Asked Questions about Rice:
Resource Science - Rice Culture and History:
Don't miss your FREE Forming Hurricanes poster made available by COSEE-SE and SEACOOS. Email Carolyn Robinson at Carolyn.Robinson@scseagrant.org or call 843.953.2078 for your copy. Spread the word to your colleagues!
is a quarterly publication of the South Carolina Sea Grant. Each issue
focuses on coastal resources relevant to the lives of South Carolina
citizens. Subscriptions to Coastal Heritage are free upon request, simply send an email to: Annette.Dunmeyer@scseagrant.org or call 843.953.2078.
For further information call (843) 953-2078